Gum Care and Treatment in Colorado
Gum disease is the number one dental problem in adults. It starts when plaque accumulates near and around the gum line. Plaque is a combination of leftover food particles, bacteria, and other substances that irritate the soft tissues, causing inflammation and swelling. The gums then pull away from the tooth and form pockets that become breeding grounds for more bacteria. Eventually, the tooth becomes loose and falls out. The underlying bone can also be damaged.
Early-stage gum disease can be reversed with proper oral hygiene and professional cleaning, but advanced gum disease requires deep cleaning (root scaling and planning), antibiotics, and periodontal or gum surgery. Periodontal surgery is used to remove bacteria and reduce the size of gum pockets. Some gum pockets are too deep to clean properly, and only surgery can remove plaque below the gum line.